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Teaching about Opportunity Cost and the Economic Problem

 

In our IGCSE Economics course, we learned about opportunity cost and the economic problem. We learned how opportunity cost applies to daily life and how the economic problem is present in almost every choice we make.

IGCSE经济学课程中,我们学习了机会成本和经济问题。我们了解机会成本如何应用于日常生活,以及经济问题在我们所做的每一个选择中都存在。

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In this picture, Billy needs to make a decision about what to do with his time. We learned that Billy’s opportunity cost depends on what his second choice, or “next best option”, was.

在这幅图中,比利需要决定如何处理他的时间。我们知道比利的机会成本取决于他的第二个选择,或者说是“下一个最佳选择”。


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Next, we needed to apply our new insight into the economic problem and see how it could fit into our lives. We split into groups and had each group plan its own school dance. Every group was given a sheet with a list of prices on it, and they had to choose a venue, band, and food/decorations.

接下来,我们需要把我们的新见解应用到经济问题中去,看看它如何能适应我们的生活。我们分成小组,每个小组计划自己的学校舞蹈。每个小组都有一张纸,上面有价格表,他们必须选择场地、乐队、食物和装饰品。


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In the end, we understood that if we chose an expensive band, we gave up money we could have spent elsewhere. We gave up our “next best option”. We also understood that we could never have everything we wanted since money was limited – in essence, the economic problem.

最后,我们明白,如果我们选择一个昂贵的乐队,我们放弃了本可以花在别处的钱。我们放弃了“下一个最好的选择”。我们也明白不能拥有我们想要的一切,因为钱是有限的——从本质上说,是经济问题。

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发布时间:2018-09-26 作者: 浏览次数:

学校地址:苏州市高新区嘉陵江路180号

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